According to Cedars-Sinai, depending on the state of the patient and tumor, glioblastoma is sometimes curable, especially in patients younger than 45 with thoroughly operable tumors. However, a majority of patients who receive this diagnosis die within two years. This is a late stage, invasive brain cancer that requires extreme steps, including surgery, radiation and often chemotherapy to treat.Continue Reading
Cedars-Sinai warns that the symptoms of glioblastoma, and brain tumors in general, can vary greatly depending on the size and location of the tumor. The potentially hidden nature of brain cancer is why it is sometimes not discovered until it reaches the late glioblastoma stage. The symptoms of glioblastoma, once they appear, are typical of brain tumors and include abnormal heart or breathing rates, dull headaches, difficulties walking or speaking, dizziness, vision disruption, seizures and vomiting. Glioblastoma often produces signs of increased pressure in the head, including a detectable bulge in the back of the eye.
According to Cedars-Sinai, once the symptoms of glioblastoma manifest, extensive testing by a specialist is required for a definitive diagnosis. These tests generally include imaging scans such as MRI or CT scan of the head. Chest X-rays are also often done to find out if the tumor has spread from another part of the body.Learn more about Cancer
There are several treatment options available for tumors located on the frontal lobe of the brain, including surgical removal of the tumor, according to the American Brain Tumor Association. Other common treatment options depend on the exact location of the tumor and the size of the tumor, such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy.Full Answer >
Cancer markers, usually referred to as tumor markers, are substances produced by cancerous cells or benign tumors, as defined by the National Cancer Institute. In some cases, healthy tissues also produce tumor markers in response to the presence of cancerous cells.Full Answer >
In the final stages of glioblastoma, patients often are not able to perform daily tasks, such as getting out of bed and walking, according to Dr. Andrew Turrisi via Healthtap. A patient may also lose bladder and bowel control. Neurological difficulties such as epileptic seizures and cognitive dysfunction may arise at any point in patients with glioblastoma, including the final stages, adds Dr. Morton Levitt.Full Answer >
Although prognosis varies for each patient, the majority of patients diagnosed with stage 4 glioblastoma live for less than a year, according to Cancer.net. Approximately six percent of patients with stage 4 glioblastoma are still living after five years.Full Answer >