After polyp removal surgery, menstrual bleeding reduces and in some cases completely stops. Polyp removal through endometrial ablation involves removing the lining that facilitates fetus growth, according to John Hopkins Medicine.
Uterine polyps are growths of endometrial tissue in the uterus. Most polyps are benign, but they can become malignant over time. Estrogen promotes the growth of polyps, and uterine polyps are common in women with high blood pressure, overweight women, menopausal women and those taking tamoxifen, a drug that treats breast cancer. Symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding, irregular periods, post-menopausal vaginal bleeding and bleeding after sexual intercourse. Severe symptoms indicate endometrial cancer. Treatment options for uterine polyps include surgical removal as well as taking hormonal medications such as progestin, as Tennessee Reproductive Medicine reports.
Half of women with polyps have irregular periods, and the inability to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term indicates the presence of uterine polyps. Diagnostic tests for uterine polyps include transvaginal ultrasounds, sonohysterography, hysteroscopy, endometrial biopsy and curettage, as listed by Cleveland Clinic.
A hysterectomy effectively removes cancerous polyps by also removing the uterus. Gonadotropin temporarily relieves the symptoms. Uterine polyps sometimes recur after treatment, and spotting between periods can indicate the presence of uterine polyps. Women should have regular gynecological checkups to diagnose the presence of uterine poylps because the presence of these polyps without symptoms is possible, states Cleveland Clinic.