Fresh meat and poultry, dry beans, yogurt, cereal and dried fruit are some foods that are suitable for a low-sodium diet. People on low-sodium diets should avoid packaged foods such as frozen pizzas, smoked meat, pickles and cheese.
A good way to maintain a low sodium intake is to prepare meals from scratch rather than purchasing pre-made foods. Fresh and frozen meats, including beef, pork, lamb and chicken, are low in sodium provided they are sold without any added seasonings. Canned foods such as beans, fish and vegetables sometimes contain added salt. Check the label to ensure that no salt has been added, or choose a lower-sodium alternative such as dried beans or frozen fish.
To keep sodium intake to a minimum, choose fresh, unseasoned foods whenever possible. Fresh vegetables and fruits are all good low-sodium choices. Rice, plain oatmeal and unsalted popcorn are low in sodium. Do not add salt to the water when cooking rice or oatmeal. Use herbs and spices to flavor foods, rather than table salt or sea salt.
Condiments such as soy sauce, salad dressing, bacon bits, ketchup and mustard tend to be high in sodium. Lower-sodium alternatives include vinegar, mayonnaise, unsalted butter, vegetable oil and low-sodium salad dressings. Instant puddings and cake mixes may also contain added sodium. Make desserts at home, without using salt, whenever possible.