Doctors often recommend a diet of clear liquids, such as gelatins and broths, in the days immediately following gallbladder surgery, states Everyday Health. Patients transition quickly to solid foods.
Bland foods, such as toast, rice and bananas, help pave the way for patients to resume normal diets, notes the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine. It can take several days for a patient's appetite to return following gallbladder surgery, but patients can usually tolerate a variety of foods without too many issues.
Patients may find that foods that contain lots of spices as well as those high in fat or fiber and those that produce gas cause discomfort initially, so it is best to reintroduce those to the diet a little bit at a time, warns Everyday Health. Mayo Clinic recommends small meals spaced throughout the day that contain a balance of protein, whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Limiting servings of fat to 3 grams is best for digestion, and adding small amounts of fiber helps add bulk to stool to aid the patient avoid bouts of diarrhea or constipation.
Digestive discomfort normally eases as the body adjusts to the loss of the gallbladder, notes Mayo Clinic. If a patient suffers severe symptoms that do not improve or he loses weight and becomes weak, he should consult with his doctor.