Foods an individual can eat on a bland diet include milk and dairy products that are low in fat, cooked vegetables, fruit juices, creamy peanut butter, eggs, tofu and weak tea, according to MedlinePlus. Other foods include lean tender meats, such as whitefish and poultry.
A bland diet is usually prescribed to treat conditions such as heartburn, ulcers, diarrhea, gas and nausea. A doctor may also prescribe a bland diet after an individual has had intestinal or stomach surgery, says MedlinePlus. Other foods that are recommended on a bland diet are custard or pudding, and soup, especially broth.
Foods included in a bland diet are soft, not spicy, and usually low in fiber. If an individual is on a bland diet, he should not eat raw, spicy or fried food. He should also not drink alcoholic drinks or drinks with caffeine in them. The patient's doctor or nurse may advise as to when he can go off the bland diet and start eating other foods, and may refer the patient to a dietitian or nutritionist to help him plan a healthy diet.
Foods to avoid include fatty foods, raw vegetables, and vegetables that cause bloating or gas, and strong cheese, states MedlinePlus.