Walking and moving around can alleviate discomfort after a colonoscopy, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. A person should avoid eating a few hours after the procedure and avoid fiber-rich foods for 24 hours post-colonoscopy.
Doctors perform a colonoscopy to check the entire large intestine thoroughly in order to identify colon problems, such as ulcers, bleeding, tissue inflammation or the onset of cancer, explains Johns Hopkins Medicine. The diagnostic procedure involves the use of a lighted tube called an endoscope, which allows doctors to view the internal colon, remove or inject air, enter the bowel using surgical instruments, or remove tissue or polyps for examination.
A person typically stays in the recovery room for close observation after a colonoscopy, states Johns Hopkins Medicine. Recovery varies depending on the sedation given to the patient. Doctors transfer an individual to a hospital room or allow him to go home once he is alert and his breathing, pulse and blood pressure become stable.
Gas pains and flatulence normally occur in people who undergo a colonoscopy, notes Johns Hopkins Medicine. A person must avoid alcoholic drinks 24 hours after sedation. Doctors often recommend drinking plenty of water to recover from fluid loss during the preparation process before the colonoscopy. Anyone who experiences fever, chills, stomach pain, difficulty in passing gas or frequent bloody stools should contact a health care professional immediately.