Non-prescription remedies that can help relieve the discomfort caused by a sinus infection include steam inhalation, saline sprays and drinking plenty of water, which aids in lubricating the mucous membranes, as stated by the University of Maryland Medical Center. An over-the-counter decongestant may bring some relief, but antihistamines should be avoided because they may cause the mucous to dry and make the condition worse. Doctors will usually wait 1 to 2 weeks before prescribing antibiotics because most acute sinus infections will clear up on their own by then and eliminate the need for medication.Continue Reading
Sinus infections are not uncommon and there are more than 24 million cases reported each year in the United States. The clinical term for the condition is sinusitis or rhinosinusitis, and it describes an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the paranasal sinuses located above, below and between the eyes. Most of the infections are viral and caused by influenza viruses, coronaviruses and rhinoviruses. The sinus infection is usually preceded by an infection of the upper respiratory tract.
Because viral infections do not respond to antibiotics, antibacterial medications are only prescribed after it has been determined that the sinus infection is bacterial. A fungal invasion can also cause acute sinusitis and occurs typically in patients with immune deficiency conditions or diabetes. In some cases, a sinus inflammation can be triggered by chlorine fumes or cigarette smoke.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
The right treatment for a sinus infection depends on whether the infection is caused by bacteria or a virus. Experts from the CDC say antibiotic therapy is not necessary unless a person has an acute infection caused by bacteria. If the infection is caused by a virus, it usually goes away on its own, though people with sinus infections may use over-the-counter medicines to treat symptoms.Full Answer >
Helpful head cold remedies include increased fluid intake to soothe the throat and thin out mucus congestion, saline nasal sprays or rinses to minimize stuffiness and steam treatments, according to WebMD. Gargling with salt water and applying mentholated ointments below the nose can also ease symptoms.Full Answer >
Effective household remedies for the flu include inhaling aromatic steam, drinking more liquids, saline sprays and moist heat compresses, according to WebMD. Decongestant nasal sprays also help, but they should not be used more than three days because the congestion may get worse after spray stoppage.Full Answer >
When a sinus infection and sore throat last longer than 10 days, antibiotics are typically used to clear the infection, according to WebMD. Decongestants can also be used to help open nasal pathways and clear congestion during this time. Natural treatments to minimize the pain of a sinus infection include steam and hot showers, as well as a nasal saline wash to remove mucus from the nose.Full Answer >