Some dietary changes, such as avoiding foods that cause flatulence, can help a person cope more easily with a colostomy, as suggested by the University of Arkansas for Medical Science. Avoiding these foods can prevent strong odors or excessive gas that might lead to a colostomy bag that is over-inflated. However, most people can return to their normal diets after a colostomy provided that their doctors have approved it, as stated by Mayo Clinic.
To avoid flatulence, the types of foods that a person with a colostomy should limit are cabbage, onions, carrots, asparagus, broccoli and beans. Some foods also can cause diarrhea, constipation or incomplete digestion that may be troublesome for someone with a colostomy, as reported by Mayo Clinic. Foods that can cause thin stool or diarrhea are those that have a high sugar content or prune juice. Incomplete digestion may be caused by the peels or skins of fruits or vegetables. People with a colostomy should stay hydrated by drinking sufficient amounts of fluids.
When the colon or small intestine does not function properly due to factors like disease or an injury, it can require an ostomy, which is an opening made in the abdominal area for the elimination of feces and gas. A colostomy bag is necessary to store the waste matter. The colostomy bag is an odor-proof pouch system placed on the ostomy, as explained by the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.