Patients can reduce levels of uric acid in their blood by avoiding foods with high levels of purines such as asparagus, mushrooms and animal products according to Mayo Clinic. This diet exists to help individuals prevent gout attacks in combination with a medically prescribed gout treatment plan.
Commonly known as a gout diet, this diet includes drinking no more than one or two 5-ounce servings of alcohol per day, cutting back on saturated fat and choosing complex carbohydrates such as whole grains and fruits over simple carbohydrates such as white bread, as recommended by Mayo Clinic. Patients must also avoid foods sweetened with high fructose corn syrup that have been linked to uric acid production and drink large amounts of water to flush excess uric acid from the body.
All meat, fish and poultry contain certain levels of purines with mackarel, herring and organ meats containing higher levels, so patients should limit animal-based protein intake to 4 to 6 ounces per day while giving preference to plant-based protein. Those on a gout diet should also avoid high-protein weight loss diets and fasting, but obese individuals should aim for healthy weight loss as obesity is linked with gout, as stated by Mayo Clinic.