The best way for a patient to avoid diabetic ulcers is to take care of her skin and properly manage any wounds or injuries that may develop, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. The patient's foot should be inspected every day, either by the patient herself or her caretaker, and it should be cleaned with a gentle skin cleanser and moisturized with a topical moisturizer.
If a patient does develop foot injuries, such as a cut, scrape or blisters, then these conditions should be inspected by a medical professional and treated as soon as possible, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. Gentle cleaning and applying a topical antibiotic can prevent the formation of ulcers. Patients should also avoid certain treatments for some of these conditions, as they can damage the skin and make matters worse. Examples of treatments to avoid include heating pads. hot foot soaks, and harsh topical treatments, such as iodine, hydrogen peroxide and astringents.
Inspecting the patient's shoes is another crucial task to perform to avoid diabetic ulcers, states the American Academy of Family Physicians. A patient's shoes should provide adequate support and should fit comfortably. Additionally, the patient should wear thick, absorbent socks. Patients with foot deformities should wear custom-made shoes tailored to their needs.