A serious thyroid problem may not be cured without medication or other medical treatments. When the thyroid gland is either producing too much or too little thyroid hormone, it can lead to either hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, respectively, states the Cleveland Clinic. Without proper medical treatments, severe cases of these two conditions can lead to serious health complications.
For example, if hypothyroidism is not treated over a long period of time, it can cause a coma that can lead to death, according to WebMD. Some complications of hyperthyroidism can be different types of heart problems such as heart failure, ocular problems and bones that may become brittle, reports the Mayo Clinic. Brittle bones can develop because the overproduction of thyroid hormone impacts the production of calcium in the body.
Similarly, hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are two of the many conditions that can cause a thyroid problem. Other conditions that may affect the thyroid are cancer, thyroiditis and goiters.
To treat thyroid disease, the direct cause first must be diagnosed. Hypothyroidism is treated with a medication called levothyroxine, and hyperthyroidism can be treated with radioactive iodine. However, surgery can be possible for hyperthyroidism if drug treatment fail to suppress excessive thyroid hormone production. The surgery entails removing a portion of the thyroid gland, states the Cleveland Clinic.