Surgery may work to treat lazy eye, or amblyopia, but other, less invasive treatments are more common, according to WebMD. The easiest way to treat lazy eye is to have the child wear a patch over the opposite, healthy eye so as to force the lazy eye to correct itself naturally.
Surgery may be necessary if a cataract is blocking light from getting into the eye, states WebMD. The doctor may also recommend surgery on the eye muscles if strabismus prevents the eye from moving correctly. Depending on the condition of the child, the doctor discusses the most appropriate treatment methods with the parent before choosing one over another. Usually, children with lazy eye also require glasses to help them focus.
Initially, the child typically finds it difficult to see with the amblyopic eye alone, but the key to vision improvement using the patching method is diligence, explains WebMD. It can take weeks or even months for an eye patch to improve the lazy eye. After the vision corrects itself, the child does not have to wear the patch anymore, but if the eye moves again, the doctor often recommends another round of patch wearing. In less severe cases, he may prescribe atropine eye drops. Atropine works similarly to the eye patch by temporarily blurring the vision in the healthy eye.