Organizations such as the National Kidney Foundation provide information about all of the causes of kidney disease. Understanding the potential causes for kidney problems helps people prevent kidney failure from happening and seek the right treatment if disease happens anyway, as stated by the National Kidney Foundation.
The two most common causes of kidney disease in the United States are diabetes and high blood pressure. However, treating and managing those conditions often prevents or hinders the development of kidney disease. Glomerulonephritis is the third most common cause, and it is a disease that attacks the filtering mechanism in the kidney. The cause is unknown, but inheritance and infection can both cause it, according to the National Kidney Foundation.
Some other causes for kidney disease include kidney stones, infections and such inherited conditions as polycystic kidney disease. People who take too many over-the-counter pain medications or who take heroin and other illegal drugs can develop kidney disease. Once kidney disease reaches its end stage, kidney failure results. The symptoms of this include vomiting, weakness, nausea, fatigue, confusion and loss of appetite. Doctors can perform urine and blood tests to determine whether a person has kidney disease and the extent of the effects on the body, reports the National Kidney Foundation.