The choice of the mesh that a surgeon uses in a hernia surgery is a decision that the surgeon makes together with the patient, according to the Department of Surgery at the University of Wisconsin. The surgeon's aim is to select the mesh option that best suits the patient's needs.
Meshes can be of synthetic or biological origin, and they come in different weights and shapes. Synthetic meshes are a more common choice, but the surgeon has to determine the mesh type by assessing each individual case, states the Department of Surgery at the University of Wisconsin. Biologic meshes are more expensive than synthetic meshes, and they may have a tendency to bulge. However, they also appear to carry a lower risk of infection, according to Carolinas HealthCare System.