Two of the most common causes of a wheezing cough that produces no mucus are asthma and gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. The symptoms of asthma are caused by constricted and inflamed airways, while the coughing and wheezing experienced with GERD is due to acid reflux, or the reflux of non-acidic stomach contents, notes Healthline.
Other symptoms of asthma include shortness of breath and a feeling of tightness in the chest. In an asthma flare-up, airways tighten and become narrower. This makes it difficult for the air to pass through, and it becomes difficult to breathe, states WebMD.
Not everybody experiences asthma in the same way. Some people have asthma attacks only during allergy season, while others experience the symptoms of asthma only when breathing in cold air or after exercising. Some people have many severe asthma attacks and need to see a doctor regularly, explains WebMD.
Sufferers of gastroesophageal reflux disease may experience additional symptoms, including heartburn, repeated vomiting, laryngitis and pneumonia. Fortunately, lifestyle changes often reduce or eliminate the symptoms of GERD. Some of these changes include losing excessive weight, avoiding foods that make symptoms worse, quitting smoking and wearing loose-fitting clothes to relieve pressure around the abdomen, states Healthline.