Inner ear problems, such as an accumulation of calcium particles, a buildup of pressure and fluid in the ear, or an inner ear infection often cause vertigo symptoms, according to WebMD. An injury to the neck or head may also cause vertigo.
A stroke, tumor or other problems associated with the brain may cause symptoms of vertigo, notes WebMD. Some medications may damage the ear, which can lead to vertigo. Migraine headaches may also cause vertigo.
BPPV, or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, is an inner ear condition that can occur out of nowhere although aging may be a factor, states WebMD. BPPV occurs when small particles of calcium compact in the inner ear canal, preventing the brain from receiving signals pertaining to balance and gravity, resulting in vertigo.
Meniere's disease may occur if pressure and fluid accumulate in the inner ear, according to WebMD. In addition to symptoms of vertigo, Meniere's disease may cause hearing loss or ringing in the ears. Vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis are infections that reduce balance by causing inflammation near nerves in the inner ear. Viruses often cause these infections.
Vertigo often occurs when an individual changes the position of his head, states WebMD. Symptoms include tilting, spinning, feeling pulled in one way and feeling unbalanced. Vertigo may cause a person to sway, feel nauseous, have a headache, or sweat.