Women can experience lower back pain due to health conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis, according to Healthline. Lower back pain may also be experienced during menstruation.
Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection in a woman’s reproductive organs that can cause lower back pain. In this condition, it is common for bacteria to enter the body through the vagina and spread infection into the pelvic organs. This is a potentially life-threatening condition, explains Healthline.
Women may experience lower back pain if suffering with endometriosis. This condition involves abnormal cell growth inside the uterus and in other organs of the pelvis, according to MedicineNet. Abnormal cell growth most commonly occurs on the ovaries or in the intestines and fallopian tubes. However, it can also occur in the vagina, cervix and bladder, notes WebMD.
Menstrual cramps can cause pain in the lower back as well as the abdomen. Pain can range from mild to severe enough to interfere with normal activities. The tissue lining the uterus makes chemicals called prostaglandins, which are responsible for producing some of the commonly experienced uncomfortable menstrual symptoms such as headaches and vomiting. Women with higher levels of prostaglandins may experience increased pain, states WebMD.