Damage from emphysema, a chronic obstructive lung disease, can cause holes in lung tissue, explains UW Health. Cysts from lymphangioleiomyomatosis, or LAM, a rare disease that primarily occurs in women of child-bearing age, can also cause holes in the lungs, reports the Scientific Society for Rare Diseases & Orphan Drugs.Continue Reading
Emphysema results in damage to air sacs, called alveoli, in the lungs, notes UW Health. As a result, permanent holes form in the lungs, causing air to become trapped and the lung tissue to distend from decreased elasticity. This causes the individual to experience difficulty exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide through exhalation due to the distended lung tissue placing pressure on the neighboring healthy lung tissue. Common symptoms of emphysema include shortness of breath, low tolerance for exercise and coughing. Over time, individuals suffering from emphysema may need to receive supplemental oxygen.
LAM is a progressive disease of the lungs that develops almost only in women, notes The LAM Foundation. In patients with LAM, abnormal smooth muscle cells invade healthy lung tissue, resulting in holes that make it difficult for the lungs to supply the rest of the body with vital oxygen. In the early stages of the disease, patients can usually continue their regular activities, but oxygen supplementation and lung transplantation may become necessary as the damage to the lungs progresses.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, is a lung disease that is often a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema, states WebMD. People suffering from COPD have difficulty breathing and a chronic cough accompanied by mucus.Full Answer >
Core decompression of the hip is a surgical technique in which a doctor drills one large hole or several smaller holes through the head of the femur at the hip joint to relieve pressure and create passages for blood vessels to the hip, notes the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Doctors use the technique to treat osteonecrosis of the hip, a condition in which bone cells die due to a lack of blood supply.Full Answer >
Alpha-1 lung disease is a condition caused by an alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, which is a genetic, or inherited, condition, explains the Alpha-1 Foundation. Alpha-1 lung disease develops when protein deficiencies in the blood prevent the body from protecting the lungs from inflammation.Full Answer >
The bacteria species Mycobacteria tuberculosis causes mycobacterial lung disease, which is most well known as tuberculosis, explains Kenyon College. Around 30 percent of the human population carries these bacteria, and about 10 percent of carriers become sick each year. The disease is airborne and is spread from person to person.Full Answer >