Certain types of birth control pills can cause high blood pressure in women, according to the American Heart Association. Some women can also develop a condition called pregnancy-induced hypertension, which is marked by having high blood pressure while pregnant, even if the woman has never had it before.
Other risk factors for developing high blood pressure in women is age, states the American Heart Association. A woman is much more likely to develop high blood pressure as she ages, especially after menopause. Being overweight, smoking, eating too much salt, drinking too much alcohol and having a family history are other causes of high blood pressure, according to WebMD. However, in some cases the cause is unknown.
While a woman can change her lifestyle to a more healthy one to help control many of the risks associated with high blood pressure, the only cure for PIH is delivery of the child, states Mayo Clinic. This is also true for another condition that is closely related to PIH, called preeclampsia, which is another cause of high blood pressure during pregnancy. Medications such as corticosteroids and beta blockers can help control blood pressure while a woman is pregnant. In some cases, a doctor may recommend bed rest for women suffering from PIH or preeclampsia. More severe cases may require hospitalization.