Some things a caregiver can do to express affection and connect with someone in the latter stages of Alzheimer's disease include playing familiar music or making a favorite meal. Dignity and quality of life are the primary concerns for caregivers of late-stage Alzheimer's patients, according to the nonprofit Alzheimer's resource Alz.org.
Some more ways that a caregiver can provide comfort to late-stage patients are rubbing lotion or scented oils into the skin, brushing hair or performing other grooming rituals. Looking at photo albums and going through family heirlooms together is another way to engage an individual with late-stage Alzheimer's. These kinds of activities stimulate the basic senses, which is often the last means an Alzheimer's patient has for interfacing with the world. Caregivers are advised to remain patient and to treat the person they are caring for with respect and compassion, per Alz.org.
For physical vitality, a caregiver can help an advanced-stage patient to maintain adequate hydration and nutrition by encouraging and assisting with eating and providing a variety of food and drink choices. Keeping the patient in an upright position during eating and for 30 minutes afterward can aid in digestion and ease associated discomfort. Caregivers should consult a doctor to help determine the dietary needs as well as any other requirements of caring for a particular patient, as recommended by Alz.org.