To help a bruise heal more quickly, apply ice to the affected area for the first 24 to 48 hours on and off for 15 minutes at a time, suggests WebMD. Place a wash cloth or towel between the skin and the ice.
For the pain of bruising, WebMD notes that acetaminophen products are recommended. Pain relievers like ibuprofen or aspirin products can cause prolonged bleeding and should be avoided for treatment of the pain caused by bruises.
Bruises found on other parts of the body other than the face can benefit from elevation of the body part that is bruised, according to WebMD. For example, a bruise on the leg can be helped by elevating the leg.
Sometimes, it is necessary for a bruise, especially a bruise on the head or face, to be evaluated by a doctor. WebMD warns that bruises that are accompanied by extreme swelling and pain should be evaluated; this is particularly true if the person who is bruised is also taking a medication to thin the blood. Bruises that appear without an apparent cause should also be checked by a doctor.
Promote healing of bruises by applying a heat pack or warm, water-soaked wash cloth to the area several times daily, beginning two days after the development of the bruise. Tenderness and pain caused by the bruise should go away after a few days, and the bruise should go away altogether in a few weeks.