Although there are some forms of home treatment for blood clots, such as taking blood thinners and wearing compression stockings, blood clots are a serious condition and require medical treatment, according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Staying active and moving around frequently helps prevent blood clots.
Also known as deep vein thrombosis, blood clots typically occur in individuals who have experienced recent injury or surgery and those who don't move around easily or often, states the AHRQ. A higher risk for blood clots developing exists for those who have varicose veins, a heart condition or a weight problem and for people who have taken hormones or had a blood clot before. Additionally, those who have had cancer or a stroke have a higher chance for developing thrombosis.
Symptoms of a blood clot include swelling in the limbs, redness of skin, and soreness, pain or warmth in an arm or leg, according to the AHRQ. A doctor may prescribe blood thinners or anticoagulant medications, such as coumadin pills and heparin injections, which can be administered at home. A common side effect of blood thinners is bleeding, and symptoms should be monitored closely.
Other precautions can be taken to prevent thrombosis, such as wearing loose clothing, changing position or moving around frequently, reducing sodium intake, and periodically elevating the legs six inches above the heart, reports the AHRQ. It's important not to fall or cause additional injury to the legs. A doctor may require regular blood tests and special exercises.