A person who experiences bladder problems should consult with a medical expert, advises eMedicineHealth. However, the patient can undergo behavioral or medical therapy to reverse problems associated with the bladder. Surgery may be necessary if the problem persists. Bladder problems include stress, overflow, urge and mixed incontinence, and fistula.
A patient with bladder problems should drink at most 8 cups of liquids per day unless he is sweating excessively, exercising or has kidney stones, advises eMedicineHealth. Going to the bathroom once a person feels the urge and maintaining a healthy weight may also help in treating problems associated with the bladder. Performing pelvic floor electrical stimulation or exercises, learning to increase the time between urination, using absorbent products, and using catheters to drain urine may counteract the problems.
Muscle spasm and anticholinergic medications, including oxybutynin, tolterodine, dicyclomine, methantheline and trospium, may aid alleviating symptoms related to the bladder. Tricyclic antidepressants such as Ditropan XL, Detrol LA, Enablex, Tofranil and Tofranil PM may relieve incontinence as well. However, medications may cause hypertension and other serious medical conditions.
Surgery, which depends upon the type of problem, may involve removing a blockage, injecting collagen around the urethra, injecting Botox into the bladder, changing the location of the bladder neck or putting an artificial urinary sphincter in the body, according to eMedicineHealth. The patient may undergo enlargement of the bladder if the incontinence worsens.