Hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplant are three treatments for kidney failure, according to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse. In people with chronic kidney disease, following a kidney-friendly diet helps prevent complications, reports the American Kidney Fund.Continue Reading
Damaged kidneys are unable to filter wastes effectively, according to NKUDIC. Kidney damage also makes it difficult for the kidneys to produce hormones and red blood cells. Hemodialysis helps the body maintain normal mineral levels and keep blood pressure from getting too high. During dialysis, tubes carry blood into a special filter. After the filter cleans the blood, another set of tubes carries the filtered blood back to the body. Peritoneal dialysis also removes excess fluid and wastes from the body, but this technique uses the lining of the abdomen as a filter.
Kidney transplant is a surgical procedure used to place a healthy kidney inside the body of someone with damaged kidneys, reports NKUDIC. The healthy kidney comes from a living or deceased donor with the same blood type as the recipient. Transplantation alleviates some of the symptoms of kidney failure and can eliminate the need for dialysis.
A kidney-friendly diet includes carbohydrates, fats and proteins, according to the American Kidney Fund. Someone following this diet may be advised to limit their sodium, potassium, phosphorus and fluid intake.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases