Lifestyle changes from stopping smoking to losing weight and reducing stress help people avoid needing a stent, notes Mayo Clinic. Controlling cholesterol and eating a healthy diet and specific foods can decrease the risk factors for heart disease and the need for a stent procedure.
A diet with lots of whole grains and rich in fruit and vegetables can help reduce or prevent angina, explains Mayo Clinic. Legumes and nuts are also extremely beneficial. Creating a safe exercise plan is important for heart health as well as learning specific stress-reduction techniques to lessen the risk of heart disease.
A number of studies have shown flax seed can reduce total and LDL cholesterol levels, according to About.com. Omega-3 fatty acids, taken by eating fish or fish oil supplements, may keep cholesterol and blood pressure in line. Maintaining an adequate level of vitamin D can play a direct role in protecting against cardiovascular disease. A 2009 study of 3,408 older adults shows people are three times more likely to die of heart disease with an inadequate level of vitamin D. Pilot research and animal studies indicate that hawthorn extract, an herbal remedy, may aid in the prevention of atherosclerosis or cardiovascular disease.