The best ways to avoid osseous surgery include getting regular dental cleanings, using a soft toothbrush, replacing toothbrushes every three or four months and brushing twice a day or after every meal, recommends Mayo Clinic. A consultation with a dentist is advisable to determine a professional cleaning schedule, and occasionally supplementing an interdental cleaner, such as a dental pick, for regular flossing can also help to prevent gum disease that will lead to osseous surgery.
The gum disease that is associated with osseous surgery is called periodontitis, notes Mayo Clinic. In cases of periodontitis that are not advanced, nonsurgical treatments may be available. Such treatments include scaling, or the removal of tartar and bacteria from the surfaces of teeth and beneath gums, and root planing, which smoothes the root surfaces to discourage additional buildup of tartar and bacterial endotoxin. A periodontist — a dentist who specializes in gum disease — may also recommend antibiotics to help control bacterial infection. Antibiotics for dental purposes may come in oral or topical form. Topical antibiotics can include mouth rinses or gels to access the spaces between teeth and inside pockets after deep cleanings. If infection-causing bacteria is still present, oral antibiotics may be necessary to fully eliminate the threat of further damage.