Using safe piercing practices and good hygiene helps to prevent ear piercing keloids, but in many cases, people that are prone to developing keloids may still develop them, according to American Family Physician. The only way to truly prevent keloids from forming is to avoid piercings and other skin injuries that can form scars.
Keloids are raised, red scars that form when the skin is healing. The scar is often both itchy and painful and can continue to grow for years after the initial trauma that caused them, according to American Family Physician. Keloids are most common in people with darker skin such as Asian, black and Hispanic people. However, they can appear in light-skinned people as well.
Any type of ear piercing poses a threat of infection, allergic reactions, development of keloids and other complications, but taking some steps to keep your new piercing healthy can help to prevent problems, according to the Mayo Clinic. For the greatest chance of success, a person getting her ears pierced should always use a trusted and licensed piercer or doctor and insist on hypoallergenic jewelry. In addition, it is important to ensure that the piercer wears gloves, uses proper equipment and sterilizes all non-disposable equipment between piercings.