Arthritis can be treated with prescription medication that can either treat the symptoms of arthritis or suppress inflammation that may contribute to arthritis, as well as with physical therapy or surgery, according to Arthritis Research UK. One in five Americans have been diagnosed with arthritis by a general practitioner. Arthritis is characterized as a condition where one or more joints are suffering from inflammation.
There are various different prescription drugs that can be taken to ease the symptoms of arthritis. Some drugs that are designed to specifically treat symptoms of arthritis include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and steroid tablets. Drugs that are designed to relieve and prevent inflammation include disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and biological drugs like adalimumab.
There are numerous physical therapies that are also recommended, such as hydrotherapy, physiotherapy and occupational therapy. Hydrotherapy is particularly effective and involves exercising in a warm-water pool. The water is able to support the individual's weight, so that less stress is placed on the joints and muscles. Physiotherapy involves choosing exercises that are customized to the patient's condition and is paired with pain-relieving treatments. Occupational therapy involves using specialized aids and equipment that can protect a person's joints from becoming further damaged.
If the arthritis is severe enough, surgery is also an option. Joint implants can be used to replace the already damaged joints.