While there are no sure-fire medicinal preventions for aortic aneurysms, there are a range of lifestyle and diet adjustments that can minimize the risks, according to eMedicineHealth. These include changes to the diet, increased activity levels, blood pressure management, and refraining from smoking.
Aortic aneurysms occur when the walls of the aortic artery either split open or burst completely from the force of blood pumping through the artery, causing internal bleeding, explains the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The key in aneurysm prevention lies in maintaining the integrity of the artery walls, and in controlling blood pressure.
Eating a diet low in fat, cholesterol and sodium can help to maintain healthy blood vessels and prevent hardened arteries, which is one of the risk factors for aortic aneurysm. Partaking in daily exercise can also help maintain arterial health and integrity, and eMedicineHealth recommends at least 30 minutes of activity a day at an intensity that increases the patient's heart rate. Exercise and heart rate should be based on the person's age and health condition.
Smoking is also a major contributing risk factor to aortic aneurysms, explains eMedicineHealth. Quitting smoking and staying away from second-hand smoke helps decrease the risk. Controlling the patient's blood pressure through medication can also help alleviate pressure within the aortic artery, further lowering the risk of aneurysm.