Resting, applying ice to the swollen area, compression, elevation and massaging are at-home remedies that can temporarily relieve pain associated with swelling in the legs, according to WebMD. It is important to first assess the cause of the swelling. If swelling is accompanied by other symptoms, such as chest pain, difficulty breathing, fainting, dizziness or confusion, it could be a sign of something more serious, such as a blood clot or heart condition, as stated by Mayo Clinic.
If the swelling is caused by activity, resting can help to alleviate any leg pain associated with swelling. Ice can reduce swelling and numb pain. Ice can be applied for 10 to 20 minutes at a time, three or more times a day. For the first 48 hours, hot showers or baths can worsen swelling symptoms, so they should be avoided. Gentle heat can be applied after 48 to 72 hours.
Wrapping the painful area with an elastic band can relieve swelling, but it should not be wrapped too tightly. Elevating the area above the heart can help to reduce swelling. Massages can help to increase blood and fluid flow and can also help to relieve pain, but WebMD recommends against massaging swollen calves.
In addition, the consumption of fluids can help to reduce water retention in the body, thereby reducing swelling and relieving pain.