Treatment options for calf muscle pain include rest, heat and ice application, stretching, physical therapy, and nonprescription pain relievers. However, the type of treatment depends on the cause of the pain, according to About.com.
Rest is the first treatment option for common causes of calf pain. This allows the muscle to relax and any inflammation to subside, explains About.com. In many cases, this is the only treatment necessary to relieve calf pain. If the pain is more serious, crutches may help.
Heat and ice treatments vary depending on the cause of the pain. Acute injuries accompanied by swelling are commonly treated with ice application. It is best to apply ice within the first 48 hours of the injury, says About.com. When dealing with chronic injuries from overusing the muscle, individuals should apply ice after activities to help control inflammation. However, it is not good to ice an injury before activities.
Applying heat is best for treating chronic conditions. This helps relax the muscle and increase blood flow. This method is best applied before activities and not after, states About.com. Individuals should seek medical attention if unable to walk, if the injury causes a deformity, and if pain persists for more than a few days or occurs at night. Other signs related to calf pain that require medical attention are swelling of the calf or ankle and signs of infection such as redness, fever and warmth.