Calcium is the mineral responsible for bone production and maintenance, explains the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Consuming adequate amounts of calcium is necessary to build bone strength and density, according to the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health.
When a person consumes calcium, the body deposits this mineral in the bone to aid in bone growth and maintenance, explains the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. The body stores 99 percent of calcium in the bones. Bones release calcium into the body when it is needed for other uses.
During the childhood and teenage years, the body deposits more calcium than it withdraws, explains the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases. This results in larger, denser and heavier bones. When a person does not consume adequate amounts of calcium and the levels in the blood drop, the body borrows calcium from the bones, weakening them, making them more likely to fracture, notes the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health.
When someone consumes enough calcium, bone production exceeds bone destruction until the age of 30, explains the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. However, if the rate of bone destruction is higher than that of production, the person may have a lower bone mass and weaker bones. This problem is exacerbated as people age, and older people should consume adequate amounts of calcium to prevent osteoporosis.