Cabbage is a nutritious food because it contains high levels of vitamin K and vitamin C in addition to smaller amounts of other vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients. Cabbage is low in calories and is fat free, so those looking to lose weight can easily incorporate it into their diets.
Cabbage contains polyphenols, compounds that act as antioxidants in the body. Eating cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables regularly can reduce the risk of certain types of cancer. Cabbage may also reduce inflammation and lower cholesterol. One cup of cabbage has an estimated glycemic load of two, which indicates that it does not raise blood glucose levels very much.