According to MedicineNet, pain in the buttocks can be caused by a wide range of conditions, including sciatica, bruising, shingles and bursitis. More serious health complications could also be to blame, such as cancer, arthritis or a herniated disc. Often, buttock pain is a minor occurrence and resolves itself on its own. It is important to discuss chronic symptoms with a doctor and undergo any necessary testing for diagnoses.
HealthGrades explains that pain in the buttocks can be caused by simple muscle injuries or may be caused by radiating pain that originates in nearby areas, such as the rectum or lower spine. If the pain is accompanied by additional symptoms, it may indicate a larger problem. Possible manifestations include limping, swelling, bruising or burning sensations in the buttocks.
According to MedicineNet, a doctor discusses the nature of a person's symptoms when diagnosing possible causes of pain in the buttocks, such as when the pain began to occur, how frequently it presents itself, how intense the pain is and what situations seem to aggravate it. A doctor can also order diagnostic testing, including X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging, to help in the assessment. Nerve testing is also common to rule out conditions with the spine.