Progressive or persistent burning feet are a symptom of nerve damage resulting from diseases such as diabetes or alcoholism, toxin exposure, deficiencies in certain B vitamins and human immunodeficiency virus, according to Mayo Clinic. Brief or infrequent periods of burning feet may be due athlete's foot or tired feet.
The painful, hot sensation can range from mild to severe, notes Mayo Clinic. Individuals with burning feet may experience numbness or paresthesia, the feeling of the feet being stuck with needles and pins, or both.
When athlete's foot is the cause of the burning sensation, over-the-counter antifungal treatments such as terbinafine or miconazole can alleviate symptoms and cure the infection, according to WebMD. Prescription drugs for symptoms from nerve damage include gabapentin, desipramine and carbamazepine.