Nonsurgical bunion treatments include wearing shoe inserts, taping and padding the feet, applying cold compresses and taking certain medications, explains Mayo Clinic. Wearing spacious shoes may also relieve the problem.
Applying ice on a bunion may help reduce pain and inflammation, reports Mayo Clinic. Padded shoe inserts help distribute pressure more evenly when a person moves his feet, reducing symptoms. Prescription and over-the-counter arch supports may help as well, and sufferers should avoid wearing shoes with heels higher than 2 1/4 inches. Ibuprofen, acetaminophen, Aleve and cortisone injections help to relieve the symptoms of bunions.
Surgery is only necessary when other treatment options fail to reverse the problem, states Mayo Clinic. If left untreated, the condition can cause metatarsalgia and bursitis. Avoiding wearing sharp-pointed shoes and shoes that squeeze the feet may help prevent the condition.
Signs and symptoms of bunions include lasting pain, swelling and redness of the big toe, difficulty moving the toe, and thickening of the skin under the toe, according to Mayo Clinic. Additional signs include corns and calluses. The condition occurs as a result of an imbalance of pressure in the feet. Foot injuries, inborn deformities and hereditary conditions may also cause the problem.