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How is bullous pemphigoid treated?

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Quick Answer

Treatment options for bullous pemphigoid include corticosteroids, immunosuppressants and anti-inflammatory medications, notes Mayo Clinic. Patients should also avoid sun exposure, practice careful eating habits and avoid further injury to facilitate healing.

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Bullous pemphigoid treatments aim to speed up the healing process and relieve itching, normally including a combination of medications, according to Mayo Clinic. Prednisone comes as a pill and is the most common corticosteroid treatment for bullous pemphigoid. Patients may also opt for a topical corticosteroid ointment to avoid an increased risk of cataracts, bone weakness, diabetes and other conditions resulting from long-term prednisone use. Immunosuppressants such as azathioprine and mofetil inhibit white blood cell production, allowing patients to take smaller doses of prednisone.

Doctors may also prescribe anti-inflammatory medications such as tetracycline, dapsone or methotrexate alone or in combination with other types of drugs, according to Mayo Clinic. If a skin blister breaks, patients should protect it with a dry, sterile bandage to prevent infection. If blisters affect the mouth, patients should avoid foods that worsen symptoms, such hard or crunchy foods. These may include raw vegetables, chips and raw fruits. Patients should consult a doctor before starting a new treatment regimen or halting their current bullous pemphigoid treatment.

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