Brown urine is treated by diagnosing the underlying cause, states Mayo Clinic. Causes may include diet, drugs, or a medical condition such as urinary tract infection, liver or kidney disease. A medical exam including blood tests and urinalysis can help diagnose the cause of urine discoloration and determine the best treatment.
The most common cause of dark urine is dehydration, which is treated by drinking fluids, notes Healthline. Diseases such as cirrhosis, hepatitis, and bladder or kidney stones can also cause brown urine. Blood in the urine may indicate other serious conditions and requires immediate medical attention.
Eating large amounts of fava beans or rhubarb can cause brown urine, reports WebMD. Eating carrots or carotene or taking complex B vitamins can turn urine dark yellow or orange. Brown urine may also be a side effect of taking certain medications, including chloroquine, primaquine and metronidazole.
Extreme exercise causing muscle injury or kidney damage can cause pink or brown urine. Murky or cloudy urine may indicate kidney stones or a urinary tract infection. Deep red or brown urine may also indicate porphyria, a rare genetic blood disease.
The kidneys filter fluids from the digestive system and eliminate waste products through urine, notes Healthline. Brown urine may indicate the presence of excess or potentially dangerous waste products. Seek medical attention for any urine discoloration not caused by diet or medications.