The primary treatments for a broken toe include staying off the foot as much as possible and resting, according to WebMD. In most cases, the toe heals on its own as long as no further damage occurs. If the pain is severe or if the toe is misplaced, medical treatment may be necessary, notes MedicineNet.
MedicineNet recommends rest, ice and elevation for minor toe injuries. Because toes bear weight whenever a person is standing, minimizing the amount of standing and walking helps the toe heal. If staying off the feet is impossible, consider using crutches to limit the strain on the toe. Icing the toe helps reduce swelling and dull pain, particularly in the first day or two after the injury occurs. Elevating the toe by placing the foot on pillows or a chair while sitting prevents swelling as well.
WebMD further suggests taking anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen, to manage pain and swelling and contacting a doctor if pain persists for several weeks. Additionally, even as the toe heals, wear footwear that provides ample support. Closed-toe shoes with stiff soles help stabilize the toe, preventing further damage from contorting the toe. For extreme pain, dislocation or clear fracture, MedicineNet states that more comprehensive treatment may be necessary including splinting, casting or, in rare cases, surgery.