What Does Broccoli Do for Your Body?

broccoli-body Credit: Isabelle Rozenbaum/PhotoAlto Agency RF Collections/Getty Images

Broccoli benefits the body in many ways, according to The World's Healthiest Foods. It contains multiple components that reduce oxidative stress and minimize inflammation, which helps to halt the development of chronic diseases. It also fights carcinogens, removes toxins from the body and floods the body with a host of health-building vitamins and minerals.

Broccoli is a low-calorie plant that is part of the cabbage family. It is high in vitamin A, vitamin C and calcium, which all help to keep the bones and teeth strong. Broccoli is also high in fiber, so consuming it regularly helps prevent constipation and improve digestion. Broccoli is also an excellent source of vitamin K, which aids in cell growth and plays an important role in blood clotting.

Other nutrients broccoli contains include magnesium, which supports nerve function; phosphorus, which supports kidney health; and iron, which helps carry oxygen throughout the body. This antioxidant-rich food also helps to lower estrogen levels in the body, which reduces breast cancer risks, according to the American Cancer Society. Broccoli also supports the cardiovascular system by helping to lower cholesterol levels. The World's Healthiest Foods suggests eating broccoli fresh or lightly steamed to retain most of its nutrients.