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What is a brief history of AIDS?

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On Sept. 24 1982, the term AIDS was used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for the first time. The first case definition for AIDS was also released. In September 1983, the CDC identified all the major routes of HIV transmission, ruling out food, water, air and environmental surfaces as a cause, according to AIDS.gov. In the same year, the first national AIDS hotline was established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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The National Cancer Institute found the cause of AIDS in 1984, claiming that it is due to retrovirus HTLV-III. By the end of 1984, 3,665 AIDS deaths in the United States and 765 in Europe were reported, claims Avert. By the end of 1990, over 307,000 AIDS deaths were reported, with an estimated 8 to 10 million people living with HIV worldwide.

The red symbol was created by Visual AIDS Artists Caucus to symbolize AIDS awareness in 1991. In December 1994, the Federal Drug Administration approved the first oral HIV test. Combivir, a medication made of two antiretrovirals, was approved by the FDA, making it simple to take, claims Avert.

In 1999, the World Health Organization announced AIDS as the fourth top killer of people worldwide and the number one cause of death in Africa. During this year, an estimated 33 million people worldwide had HIV, with 14 million dying from it. In 2014, the Affordable Care Act was implemented, barring insurers from discriminating against those with HIV, according to AIDS.gov.

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