Breakfast may not be the most important meal of the day, but eating a healthy breakfast has been shown to lower the risk of Type 2 diabetes in all adults and to lower the risk of heart disease in men. As of 2014, eating a healthy breakfast has also been shown in observational studies to help reduce weight and maintain a healthy weight, according to USA Today.
According to the Penn Current, eating any type of breakfast has been shown in observational studies to raise the IQ scores of young children. Eating a healthy breakfast can enhance memory, attention, processing speed, reasoning, creativity, learning and verbal abilities in both children and adults, possibly because of the effect breakfast has on maintaining even blood-glucose levels; eating breakfast within two hours of waking can affect the way the body balances glucose and insulin for the rest of the day, while skipping breakfast may set up the body for dips and spikes in blood sugar, according to Consumer Reports. Skipping breakfast can also make a person overly hungry, which can increase hormones that promote overeating during the rest of the day. Most people who skip a healthy breakfast have a hard time meeting daily nutritional requirements. A healthy breakfast is one that is high in protein, low in sugar and carbohydrates, and that contains fruit or vegetables.