Brain lesions are diagnosed using several methods including CT scans, MRI and blood tests, according to WebMD. Brain lesions are also referred to as metastatic brain tumors, secondary tumors and brain metastatics, and are abnormal masses of tissue. This type of tumor can spread from other parts of the body such as the lungs, colon, kidneys and skin to the brain, according to Drugs.com.
The most common symptoms associated with brain lesions include seizures, headaches, difficulty speaking, loss of balance, changes in mood, vomiting and weakness in parts of the body. During the early stages of brain lesions, it's common for patients not to experience any symptoms. As the brain lesions grow larger, patients will notice symptoms and should contact their primary care physician as soon as possible.
There are numerous treatment options available for brain lesions depending on the patient's medical history, the type of primary cancer they have, the patient's overall general health and the number and locations of the brain lesions. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Symptom relief medications are available for brain tumors including anti-seizure medication, pain medication, steroids that reduce brain swelling and physical therapy. The prognosis for brain lesions is dependent on the patient's age, how they respond to the treatment, the number of tumors they have and whether the primary tumor has stopped growing.