As of 2015, about 17,000 Americans are diagnosed with brain cancer yearly, according to the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The various types of brain cancer are each treated a different way. Cancer can begin in the brain but can also metastasize in the brain from other areas of the body.
Brain tumor symptoms often vary based on the type of cancer and the affected brain location. Common brain tumor symptoms include headaches, seizures, mental changes and speech changes. The brain tumor can also affect balance and vision. In some cases, patients might experience blurred or double vision, reports the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. However, these symptoms are not always indicative of a brain tumor and should be evaluated by a doctor for a correct diagnosis.
Brain cancers are often treated with complex surgery, explains WebMD. Before undergoing surgery, most patients receive steroids or anticonvulsant drugs to reduce the risk of certain complications, including brain swelling. Surgery can be used to completely remove a tumor or take a sample of the tumor for further evaluation. Other patients may receive radiation therapy or chemotherapy to treat their cancer. In some cases, patients may receive radiation therapy as a follow-up to surgery.