Depending on the severity of the symptoms, treatment options for bone spurs may include medications, rest, rehabilitation therapy, injections and spine surgery, as stated by Spine-health. Most patients with mild to moderate symptoms find relief with non-operative treatment options.
Pain killers, anti-inflammatory medications and muscle relaxants may be used for four to six weeks to relieve nerve irritation and compression, according to Spine-health. A short period of rest may be necessary to relieve inflammation flare-ups in the joints. Physical therapy, chiropractic adjustment and exercise may help alleviate pain within one to two weeks. This type of rehabilitation helps to restore strength and flexibility to the back, relieve nerve compression and improve the patient's posture.
Some patients may benefit from a cortisone epidural steroid injection that relieves nerve compression, alleviates radiating extremity pain and reduces joint inflammation, as stated by Spine-health. Although results are generally temporary, repeat injections may be performed. If the patient is suffering severe pain or there is evidence of nerve damage, surgery may be needed. One such procedure is a laminectomy, which removes the bone spur and thickened ligaments to relieve compression. Surgery is successful in relieving pain in the majority of cases, but medical complications such as heart disease and diabetes may influence surgical risks and prolong the recovery process.