Thirty and 60 minutes of exercise on most days of the week can lower blood pressure by up to 9 millimeters of mercury, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients may also control blood pressure by limiting sodium consumption to 2,300 milligrams per day. Those at risk of hypertension or those who already have hypertension, diabetes or kidney disease, however, are advised to limit sodium to 1,500 milligrams per day.Continue Reading
Hypertensive individuals may keep their blood pressure down if they reduce or eliminate life stressors, according to Mayo Clinic. Other ways to manage stress include meditation, deep breathing and professional counseling.
The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute recommends that overweight or obese individuals lose up to 10 percent of the body weight during their first year of high blood pressure treatment. Other lifestyle modifications that lower blood pressure include quitting smoking, avoiding secondhand smoke and reducing alcohol exposure. Men should limit alcohol to two drinks per day, and women should limit alcohol to one drink per day. In some people, lifestyle modifications alone are not enough. A physician may prescribe medications such as diuretics and beta blockers. Diuretics lower blood pressure by removing excess water and salt from the body. Beta blockers help the heart pump blood with less force.Learn more about Cardiac Health