Blepharoplasty is a surgical procedure to repair sagging or droopy lower eyelids and remove excess tissue from upper eyelids, according to WebMD. Blepharoplasty can treat sagging skin that impairs vision, dropping upper eyelids and excess fatty deposits in the eyelids, notes American Society of Plastic Surgeons.
An eyelid surgery can take about two hours if both lower and upper eyelid surgeries are to be done, notes WebMD. Lower blepharoplasty entails the use of skin incisions directly below the lash line on the inside the eyelid to allow for easy access of eyelid fat, states MedicineNet. Lower blepharoplasty can be combined with laser resurfacing of skin below the eyelids to reduce wrinkles and lines.
Upper eye surgery uses skin incisions to remove eyelid skin and fat. A thin stitch is then used to bring the sagging skin together, states MedicineNet.
Possible risks of blepharoplasty include dry, irritated eyes, skin discoloration, injury to eye muscles and difficulty closing the eyes, indicates Mayo Clinic. When preparing for blepharoplasty, the patient may be asked to stop smoking, get lab tests, take certain medications and avoid herb supplements, anti-inflammatory drugs and aspirin, states American Society of Plastic Surgery.
Results for blepharoplasty are satisfactory and can last a lifetime, notes Mayo Clinic. To maintain the results, the patient should avoid prolonged exposure to the sun, states American Society of Plastic Surgery.