Bladder treatment options are dependent on the specific underlying bladder condition or disorder that can include cystitis, cancer and urinary incontinence. Cystitis is a bladder infection usually caused by bacteria. Antibiotics are the main treatment options for cystitis and are prescribed for different time lengths, states the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus.
If patients have a mild case of cystitis, then antibiotics are necessary for up to 3 days for women and up to 14 days for men. When cystitis leads to a complication in patients, such as kidney infections, they may need antibiotic treatments for up to 14 days, notes MedlinePlus.
Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control that can vary. Urinary incontinence causes either minor or total urine leakage, depending on the severity of symptoms. Treatment options for this disorder can entail bladder retraining, electrical stimulation, pelvic floor exercises, medications and surgery. Women with this problem may require a device called a pessary that is placed in the vagina. A surgical option for incontinence is prolapse surgery. When these treatment options fail to resolve incontinence, then patients may require the use of catheters, notes Mayo Clinic.
Bladder cancer is another condition that requires different types of treatments depending on the cancer stage and grade, states WebMD. The possible treatments for bladder cancer can include radiation, chemotherapy, surgery and immunotherapy. The usual procedure for bladder cancer is surgery to excise the malignancy. Depending on the stage of the cancer, patients can require one or more of the other treatments noted.