What Is Bladder Tack Surgery?

Bladder tack surgery, also called trans vaginal taping, is a procedure in which a surgeon inserts a small sling underneath the urethra to treat urinary incontinence in women, explains Atlantic OB-GYN. The sling raises the urethra to a higher position inside the body, making urine leakages less likely to occur. Patients who leak urine when they exercise, sneeze or cough may benefit from the procedure.

The patient receives general anesthesia prior to undergoing the bladder tack procedure, notes Atlantic OB-GYN. To insert the sling, the surgeon makes two small incisions, one in between the vagina and the urethra and one beside the vaginal opening. These incisions are small enough that they usually require only a bandage or butterfly closure to close the openings while they heal. Patients should expect to stay in the hospital for at least one night.

For about 24 hours following the procedure, a catheter remains inside the patient's bladder to allow some time for the tissue to recover, states Atlantic OB-GYN. The doctor then removes the catheter and monitors the functioning of the bladder each time the patient urinates. The patient may have to wear the catheter for a few additional days if the bladder is not emptying fully. She can usually resume most activities within two weeks but must wait at least a full month before having intercourse.