Bladder surgery can be surgery to repair or remove either the gall bladder or the urinary bladder, according to MedlinePlus and the American Cancer Society. Bladder surgery is performed for many reasons.
The gall bladder, which is not a vital organ, is removed due to disease or gallstones, according to MedlinePlus. The gall bladder can be removed using a laparoscope, a tiny camera with a light that's inserted into the abdomen.
The urinary bladder is removed due to cancer, according to the American Cancer Society, but is also operated on to treat the symptoms of urinary incontinence, according to Mayo Clinic.